|Area:||13.2 km (5.1 sq mi)|
|Location:||20 km (12 mi) from Melbourne|
|Local Government Area:||Shire of Nillumbik|
|State District:||Eltham, Yan Yean|
Eltham pronunciation is a suburb in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 20 km north-east from Melbourne's central business district. Its Local Government Area is the Shire of Nillumbik. At the 2006 Census, Eltham had a population of 17,581.
Eltham is one of the 'green wedge' areas that provide relatively undeveloped, accessible environments within the Melbourne suburban region. These green wedge areas are under constant pressure from developments such as road and freeway expansions, but Eltham has managed to retain many tree-lined streets and leafy reserves. However the character of the suburb is changing quickly, with increased road traffic and higher-density housing becoming more common
Eltham is known for its attractions including the artists colony Montsalvat and the Diamond Valley Railway, the largest ridable miniature railway in Australia.