|Area:||1.4 km (0.5 sq mi)|
|Location:||3 km (2 mi) from Melbourne CBD|
|Local Government Area:||City of Yarra|
Fitzroy is an inner city suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 2 km north-east from Melbourne's central business district. Its Local Government Area is the City of Yarra. Its borders are Alexandra Parade, Victoria Parade, Smith Street and Nicholson Street. Fitzroy is Melbourne's smallest suburb in terms of area, being approximately 100 Ha. At the 2006 Census, it had a population of 8,814.
Planned as Melbourne's first suburb, it was later also one of the city's first areas to gain municipal status.
It has a long associations with the working class and is currently inhabited by a wide variety of ethnicities and socio-economic groups and is known for a culture of bohemianism, being main home of Melbourne's Fringe Festival. Its commercial heart is Brunswick Street, which is one of Melbourne's major retail, eating, and entertainment strips.
It has undergone waves of both urban renewal and gentrification since the 1950s. In response to past planning practices, much of the suburb is now a historic preservation precinct with many individual buildings and streetscapes covered by Heritage Overlays, its built environment is diverse and features some of the finest examples of Victorian era architecture in Melbourne. The most recent changes to Fitzroy are mandated by the Melbourne 2030 Metropolitan Strategy in which both Brunswick Street and nearby Smith Street are designated for redevelopment as Activity Centres.
It was named after Sir Charles Augustus FitzRoy, the Governor of New South Wales from 1846 to 1855.